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Manic Episode Scale


There is an 8-to-9 item (depending on age) Manic Episode subscale in the following Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories:


  • Adolescent Symptom Inventory (secondary school)

  • Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (elementary & secondary school)

  • Youth’s (Self Report) Inventory (secondary school)

  • Adult Inventories (adults)


With regard to clinical utility, a recent study concluded that the Manic Episode subscale of Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories  “significantly distinguished pediatric bipolar spectrum disorder from other disorders (Area under curve [AUC] = .80, p < 0.0005)...and can be considered as part of an assessment battery to screen for pediatric bipolar spectrum disorder” (Ong, Youngstrom, Chua, et al., 2017). The Manic Episode subscale has been reported on in a number of scientific publications, representative examples of which are  Carlson and Kelly, 1998; Carlson and Youngstrom, 2003; Farmer, Brown, Gadow, et al., 2015; Gadow, Perlman, Ramdhany, & de Ruiter, 2016; Gracia, Lara, Ottoni, & de Araujo, 2020; Lai, Chiu, Gadow, et al., 2010; Thuppal, Carlson, G.A., et al., 2002; and Weber and Gadow, 2017). Abstracts of these and other studies can be accessed by clicking the link to Research Bibliography.






            Carlson, G.A., & Youngstrom, E.A. (2003). Clinical implications of pervasive manic symptoms in children. Biological Psychiatry, 53, 1015-1058. doi:10.1016/S0006-3223(03)00068-4

            Farmer, C.A., Brown, N.V., Gadow, K.D., Arnold, L.E., Kolko, D.G., Findling, R.L., et al. (2015). Comorbid symptomatology moderates response to risperidone, stimulant, and parent training in children with severe aggression, disruptive behavior disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 25, 213-224. doi: 10.1089/cap.2014.0109

            Gadow, K.D., Perlman, G., Ramdhany, L., & de Ruiter, J. (2016). Clinical correlates of co-occurring psychiatric and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom-induced impairment in children with ASD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(1), 129-139. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-015-9979-9

            Gracia, D.F.K., Lara, D.R., Ottoni, G.D., & de Araujo, R.M.F. (2020). Analysis of association between temperament and psychological symptoms using the Affective and Emotional Composite Temperament (AFECT) model: An internet-based survey. Journal of Affective Disorders, 264, 446-454. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.073

            Lai, M.C., Chiu, Y.N., Gadow, K.D., Gau, S.S., & Hwu, H.G. (2010). Correlates of gender dysphoria in Taiwanese university students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 1415-1428. doi: 10.1007/s10508-009-9570-y

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