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Substance Use Disorders


Substance Use Disorders Category


There are 6-to-7-symptoms of substance use disorders in the following Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories:


  • Adolescent Symptom Inventory (middle school, junior & senior high school)

  • Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (elementary & secondary school)

  • Youth’s (Self Report) Inventory (middle school, junior & senior high school)

  • Adult Inventories (adults)


DSM-5 specifies an extensive array of substance use disorders to include substance use, substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance-induced disorders, and substance-related disorders and specifically singles out alcohol, caffeine, cannabis, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, stimulants, sedatives-hypnotics, and tobacco. These substances are noted in the Substance Use Disorders section of Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories.


Studies have shown that elevated Substance Use Disorder scores are associated with more severe psychiatric symptoms, representative examples of which are Birungi, Ssembajjwe, Salisbury, et al., 2020; Dafinoiu, Olaya, and Essau, 2021; Rubio, Oyanedel, Cancino, et al., 2020; and Williams, Leister, Chernoff, et al., 2010. Abstracts of these and other studies can be accessed by clicking the link to Research Bibliography.



            Birungi, C., Ssembajjwe, W., Salisbury, T.T., Levin, J., Nakasujja, N., Mpango, R.S., Abbo, C., Seedat, S., Araya, R., Musisi, S., Gadow, K.D., Patel, V., & Kinyanda, E. (2020). Substance use among HIV-infected adolescents in Uganda: Rates and association with potential risks and outcome factors. AIDS Care-Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects Of AIDS/HIV, 33 (2), 137-147. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2020.1717419

            Dafinoiu, A., Olaya, B., & Essau, C.A. (2021). Parental economic migration and children's outcomes in Romania: The role of social support, parenting styles, and patterns of migration. Journal of Family Issues, Article Number: 0192513X21993855, Early Access: Mar 2021. doi: 10.1177/0192513X21993855

            Williams, P.L., Leister, E., Chernoff, M., Nachman, S., Morse, E., Di Paolo, V., & Gadow, K.D. (2010). Substance use and its association with psychiatric symptoms in perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-affected adolescents. AIDS and Behavior, 14, 1072-1082. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9782-0

            Rubio, A., Oyanedel, J.C., Cancino, F., Benavente, L., Cespedes, C., Zisis, C., & Paez, Dario. (2020). Social support and substance use as moderators of the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article Number: 539165. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.539165.

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