DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS
 

disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder

 

In DSM-5 the following are classified as depressive disorders: disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

 

Disruptive Mood Disorder Scale

 

There is a 2-item Disruptive Mood Disorder subscale in the Checkmate Plus Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (elementary & secondary school).

 

Major Depressive Episode Scale

 

The is a 10-to-11 item (depending on age) Major Depressive Episode subscale in the following Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories:

 

  • Early Childhood Inventory (early childhood)

  • Child Symptom Inventory (elementary school)

  • Adolescent Symptom Inventory (secondary school)

  • Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (elementary & secondary school)

  • Youth’s (Self Report) Inventory (secondary school)

  • Adult Inventories (adults)

 

The Major Depressive Episode subscale [either individually or in combination with the nonoverlapping items of the Persistent Depressive Disorder [formerly Dysthymia] subscale] has been reported on in scores of scientific publications, representative examples of which are Choukas-Bradley, Hipwell, Roberts, et al., 2020; Duan, Lee, Wolf, et al., 2020: Gadow, Guttmann-Steinmetz, Rieffe, et al., 2012; Hopkins, Gouze, Lavigne, et al., 2020: Hoffmann, Viding, Puetz, et al., 2018; Lerner, Mazefsky, Weber, et al., 2018; McDonough-Caplan, Klein, & Beauchaine, 2018; and Tung, Keenan, Stepp, et al., 2020. Abstracts of these and many other studies about the Major Depressive Episode subscale can be accessed by clicking the link to Research Bibliography.

 

Salcedo, Chen, Youngstrom, et al. (2018) provide empirically derived scoring criteria for the Depression subscale (i.e., non-overlapping symptoms of major depressive episode and persistent depressive disorder) in children.

Persistent Depressive Disorder (formerly Dysthymia) Scale

 

There is an 8-to-10 item (depending on age) Persistent Depressive Disorder (formerly Dysthymia) subscale in the following Checkmate Plus Symptom Inventories:

 

  • Early Childhood Inventory (early childhood)

  • Child Symptom Inventory (elementary school)

  • Adolescent Symptom Inventory (secondary school)

  • Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (elementary & secondary school)

  • Youth’s (Self Report) Inventory (secondary school)

  • Adult Inventories (adults)

 

As noted above, the Major Depressive Episode subscale [either individually or in combination with the nonoverlapping items of the Persistent Depressive Disorder [formerly Dysthymia] subscale] has been reported on in scores of scientific publications. Abstracts of these and many other studies can be accessed by clicking the link to Research Bibliography.

 

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Item

 

There is one key symptom of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Checkmate Plus Adult Inventories.

 

 

CHILD & ADOLESCENT SYMPTOM INVENTORY-PROGRESS MONITOR

 

The Child & Adolescent Symptom Inventory-Progress Monitor (CASI-PM) is a brief behavior rating scale for DSM-5 emotional and behavioral disorders in children and adolescents between 3 and 18 years old. It was developed to monitor the progress over time and to assess changes in symptoms as a function of intervention. There are both parent (29 items) and teacher (30 items) versions of the CASI-PM. The CASI-PM contains a subset of the common items from Early Childhood Inventory-5 (ECI-5) and the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5), which makes it an ideal progress monitor for qualified professionals who use these diagnostic measures. It assesses symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and depression. The CASI-PM also assess functional impairment (i.e., the degree to which symptoms interfere with social or academic functioning).

 

The Child & Adolescent Symptom Inventory-Progress Monitor has been reported on in scientific publications, representative examples of which are Dart, Arora, Collins, & Doll, 2019; Mpango, Ssembajjwe, Muyingo, Gadow, et al., 2019; Lavigne, Cromley, Sprafkin, & Gadow, 2009. Abstracts of these and other studies can be accessed by clicking the link to Research Bibliography.

 

 

 

References

 

            Choukas-Bradley, S., Hipwell, A.E., Roberts, S.R., Maheux, Anne J., & Stepp, S.D. (2020). Developmental trajectories of adolescent girls' borderline personality symptoms and sexual risk behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 48(12), 1649-1658. doi: 10.1007/s10802-020-00699-4

            Duan, S., Lee, M.H., Wolf, J., Naples, A.J., & McPartland, J.C. (2020). Higher depressive symptoms predict lower social adaptive functioning in children and adolescents with ASD. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Early Access, May 2020. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2020.1750020

            Gadow, K.D., Guttmann-Steinmetz, S., Rieffe, C., & DeVincent, C.J. (2012). Depression symptoms in boys with autism spectrum disorder and comparison samples. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 1353-1363. doi: 10.1007/s10803-011-1367-x

            Hopkins, J., Gouze, K.R., Lavigne, J.V. & Bryant, F.B. (2020). Multidomain risk factors in early childhood and depression symptoms in 6-year-olds: A longitudinal pathway model. Development and Psychopathology, 32(1), 57-71. doi: 10.1017/S0954579418001426

            Hoffmann, F., Viding, E., Puetz, V.B., Gerin, M.I., Sethi, A., Rankin, G., & McCrory, E.J. (2018). Evidence for depressogenic spontaneous thoughts and altered resting-state connectivity in adolescents with a maltreatment history. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(9), 687- . doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2018.05.020

            Lerner, M.D., Mazefsky, C.A., Weber, R.J., Transue, E., Siegel, M. & Gadow, K.D. (2018). Verbal ability and psychiatric symptoms in clinically referred inpatient and outpatient youth with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(11), 3689-3701. doi: 10.1007/s10803-017-3344-5

            McDonough-Caplan, H., Klein, D.N., & Beauchaine, T.P. (2018). Comorbidity and continuity of depression and conduct problems from elementary school to adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 127(3), 326-337. doi: 10.1037/abn0000339

            Salcedo, S., Chen, Y. L., Youngstrom, E. A., Fristad, M. A., Gadow, K. D., Horwitz, S. M., Frazier, T. W., Arnold, L. E., Phillips, M. L., Birmaher, B., Kowatch, R. A., & Findling, R. L. (2018). Diagnostic efficiency of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (CASI-4R) depression subscales for identifying youth mood disorders. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 47(5), 832-846. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2017.1280807

            Tung, I.E., Keenan, K., Stepp, S.D., & Hipwell, A.E. (2020). The moderating effects of traumatic stress on vulnerability to emotional distress during pregnancy. Development and Psychopathology, 32(2), 673-686. doi: 10.1017/S0954579419000531